What the Thyroid Is and How it Affects Your Health

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Many of us may have heard about the thyroid, but we don’t know what it is or what it does. The thyroid is a gland of the endocrine system that produces a hormone to help regulate our body’s metabolism. This gland is located at the front of your neck.

There are many conditions that can affect proper thyroid function. Here we provide information on some of the most common conditions and their symptoms so you can detect them before talking to your doctor.


Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid produces hormone levels that are lower than usual. This condition can be caused by many things, but it is usually triggered by an autoimmune disease. Symptoms of hypothyroidism may include fatigue, weight gain, constipation, and dry skin.

Hypothyroidism is usually treated with a medication that replaces the hormones that are not being naturally produced by the thyroid.


The total opposite happens with hyperthyroidism: the thyroid produces higher-than-normal hormone levels. The symptoms of hyperthyroidism are many but may include weight loss, elevated heart rate, excessive sweating, diarrhea, and nervousness.

There are many treatments available for this condition, including medication, radiotherapy, and, in some cases, surgery.

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s time to visit your doctor for a checkup so they may order the appropriate screening tests or rule out a thyroid condition. These conditions are pretty commonplace among adults. Fortunately, they are also highly treatable if detected early.

At Salus, we have endocrinologists and other specialists ready to assist you. Make your appointment today by calling 787.789.1996.



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